Joel Kirkham is a New Zealander who has been living in Tokyo for the past ten years where he runs the project space and gallery Goya Curtain. He is a practising artist and teaches art at Temple University, Japan Campus. The gallery, established in 2016 by Kirkham and fellow artist Bjorn Houtman, hosts exhibitions and projects by international and local artists. New Zealand artists Matt Henry, Andrew Barber, Patrick Lundberg, and Stella Corkery have all shown work there. Catherine Dale sat with Kirkham in the gallery to talk about the conception, rationale, and working life of the space, and about the exhibition (RED LEGS) HOT HEAD by Anoushka Akel, presented from September 4th – 27th, 2020.

Catherine DaleYou’ve described this space as Goya Curtain 2.0, referring to changes to the gallery since we last spoke in 2017,[01] 01. Catherine Dale, “Goya Curtain, Tokyo,” Art & Australia, 2017.  just before you moved to the current space in 2018.  Can you explain these changes? 

Joel KirkhamYes, the lease of our first space in Naka-Meguro expired and the building was demolished. My good friend and co-founder Bjorn Houtman returned to New Zealand and I decided to continue the programme. Without much effort, I found the new space on the west side of Ikebukuro station, an interesting part of the city known for its young gangsters and slightly gritty atmosphere. Ikebukuro is in North Tokyo and is the second busiest train station in the world, with about 2.7 million people passing through each day. 

CDCan you describe the current space?

JKThe gallery is in an apartment in a quiet residential area close to a small park. The space is small, roughly 12 metres squared, and is one of four rooms in an old 1960s building. It includes a six-mat tatami room, a wardrobe space, and a tiny kitchen. The wardrobe is used as a display area, it’s a bit like a gallery within a gallery. The way this space is laid out is very modular and everything is measured by the tatami mat system: room sizes, building design patterns, and units of land. It is arranged like a bento box, this compartmentalising of things, the rice, pickles, miso soup, each separated with clear boundaries.

The apartment looks out onto the street below, and a gaggle of wires leading to a power pole. The walls are painted white, and the beams are left as they are. I heard from the owner that it used to be his sister’s room. In a sense the space has been treated like an interesting found object, its physical attributes have been exposed, and its domestic nature is in plain view. Aside from all that, the space has a lovely atmosphere and great natural light. The tatami mats help people to relax, and visitors often spend up to an hour or more with exhibitions.

CDWhat made you and Bjorn want to set up a gallery in 2016?

JKI had previously rented an old Ramen shop, used it as a studio, and had a show there. That space was rented on a temporary basis and since that time I’d been hoping to find a new studio. Bjorn and I were always in communication about art, and when a space did become available, I asked him if he’d like to share it. We couldn’t afford to spend a lot and Bjorn wasn’t sure whether he needed a studio, and then we came up with the idea of setting up a gallery space that would be used as a studio between exhibitions. Our goal was to break even, with a studio and gallery that would pay for itself. Initially, we sold prints that we made, and we also asked exhibiting artists to contribute something (20,000 yen or about 260 NZD). After year two we stopped asking artists to contribute financially, as they already put so much into the making of shows. 

CDCan you say something about the gallery’s name and its connection to the city.

JKThe name Goya Curtain comes from the time of the massive earthquake here in 2011, which was followed by a tsunami, and the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. The nuclear plants were shut down and electricity was rationed. It gets very hot and sticky in Tokyo in summer, so instead of air conditioners, people were encouraged to grow curtains of climbing plants such as the goya or melon (gourd), to trail outside their windows. These leaves block the direct sun, and keep the inside temperatures down. Green curtains in summer are not uncommon in Tokyo, but that summer, because of the situation, they stood out more clearly. Bjorn and I started a zine to document that time and called it Goya Curtain, then we kept the name when we opened the gallery in 2016, also liking the connection to Spanish artist Francisco de Goya. 

CDHow is Goya Curtain run, and do you sell work?

JKThe focus is rather on making great shows, and if something is sold then that's a bonus. We don't receive funding, and luckily the space is cheap enough that it’s affordable. I don't think it’s possible to find a cheaper room than this. People associate Goya Curtain with tatami mats, but that's incidental, we exist in this space because the room is cheap. If it were a space for commercial use, the rent would be much more, and this project would change into something else. So the spaces Goya Curtain uses are inherent to the project.

CDSeeing an exhibition is possible by appointment only, tell me about that?

JKThis is a residential building, which means I need to be aware of who is entering the building out of respect to our neighbours. For this reason, viewing is by appointment only, and we don't have opening receptions for shows. If someone is visiting for the first time, we set a day and time via email or Instagram, and I ask them to follow Google maps to Goya Curtain. There are no sign boards outside the building, you’d never know it’s here. 

The google maps pin for Goya Curtain is actually a small rock set into the ground 10 metres past the actual building. When visitors arrive at the rock they call me and I’ll go down to greet them, and show them the way. I explain that it’s a private space, and that they need to remove shoes at the entrance, and then I take people up the steep, narrow, wooden stairwell. At the top, you can see a little business card on the door quietly locating Goya Curtain. Once visitors know the location, they still need to make an appointment, but may come directly to the room. At the first space, we used to have openings and sell drinks to help pay the rent, and these often turned into Friday night parties. Now I serve tea, and sit down with visitors for a chat. I like this low key method as the focus is more on the work.

CDWhat is your role at Goya Curtain?

JKI see my role as a facilitator. I like to work closely with artists to help them make great exhibitions. Some artists are very independent, and that's fine, while others require more of a curatorial role from me. Either way, the exhibition making, and how the work fits into the space is often quite collaborative. I’m a second pair of eyes for the artist, and I try to make the whole process as stress-free, and enjoyable as possible. Once the exhibition making is done, my role becomes that of host. I greet guests and introduce them to the work. It's a bit like a showroom in that sense.

CDWhat do you get out of running Goya Curtain?

JKGoya Curtain connects me to the wider world and I get to meet a lot of really interesting people. That's the main thing, and I also continue to receive an education in crafting exhibitions from the processes involved, and from the artists themselves. I sometimes say Goya Curtain is like my PhD project. There have also been opportunities to make exhibitions in other spaces, which is great. We had an exhibition at Caves gallery in Melbourne in 2018, showing photographs by Yusuke Kihara alongside my own work, and in 2019 hosted an exhibition by the Knulp Gallery (Sydney) members, as a type of exchange with an invitation to make an exhibition there in the future.

CDWhat artists do you show and how does the balance work with local and international artists?

JKWe show both international and local artists. To begin with it was mainly friends, and since then our network has extended. We’ve shown quite a few artists from New Zealand and Australia, and from Europe. Many of the early exhibitions can be traced back to our (Bjorn and I) art school days in Auckland, and in the last couple of years our network has diversified. These days I will reach out to artists whose work I respect, and sometimes they agree to make shows.

The space itself also dictates the artists who show. For international artists I prefer smaller, lighter, easier to transport work. For example, Matt Hinkley showed up from Rotterdam for his exhibition with one small plastic Chinese takeaway box containing all his work and tools. Using tweezers, he installed a tiny pile of cast objects. What the work lacked in scale, it made up for in detail. Visitors were able to use a magnifying glass to see the work. The magnifying glass was more gimmicky than anything, but it added an element of fun to the work. Within the intensity and denseness of Tokyo, I like to think of Goya Curtain as one small part of Hinkley's installation, waiting to be found if you look close enough.

CDDo you get many inquiries from artists wanting to show with you?

JKI wouldn't say many, but quite a few, and from well-regarded artists, who are very well organised and professional. Unfortunately, due to the fact that this is basically a one-person operation, I can only host 2-3 exhibitions a year now. Doing fewer shows means less pressure, more time to craft exhibitions, and a focus on quality over quantity. It’s also nice to take a breather between shows, and concentrate on my own practice.

CDWhat about your own art practice?

JKAfter coming to Japan in 2006, I didn't seriously make work for quite a number of years, so in a sense I’m playing catch-up now. My friends and colleagues are making work to a very high standard, so I have a lot to aspire to, and intend to keep practicing. I use Goya Curtain as a studio between shows, and this is very important for me as I have a studio-based practice. I’m lucky in that I also have access to studios at my place of work, and a small workspace at my home. So I often make things elsewhere, then bring them here to interrogate what I’ve made in the neutrality of the space. 

CDTell me about the other artist run spaces you like here in Tokyo, and about other galleries you like.

JKRecently several new artist-run initiatives have been established including Lavender Opener Chair and im labor. They both host great exhibitions and are organised by lovely people. I’m also a fan of 4649, XYZ collective, Asakusa Gallery, Aoyama/Meguro, Misako & Rosen, Hagiwara Projects, and Kayoko Yuki gallery. Then there are the established commercial galleries like Tomio Koyama, Taka Isshi, and Scai the Bathhouse, which are all central to this art world ecosystem.[02] 02.  On top of these are the museums that stage large scale local and international shows, which include the Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo, The National Museum of Modern Art, and the Mori Art Museum. 

CDWhat is Goya Curtain’s role in this gallery scene?

JKThat's a good question and I don't really know how to answer. Goya Curtain is small, and due to the nature of the space, it’s a discreet project. We can’t draw too much attention, so the programme simmers on a low heat. The gallery is connected to Tokyo’s other smaller galleries and spaces, but quietly. Starting in this city from scratch hasn't been easy, to build trust and establish some history takes time, and effort. It takes being genuinely willing to support others, to visit exhibitions, and be a proactive part of the community. This effort is ongoing. Like most places it’s all really based on friendships, trust, and respect. I do feel support here though.

CDYou receive visitors from many places. I never know who I’m going to meet when I come to a show here: someone from Patagonia teaching design at an art school in London, an artist from Australia on a walking tour, or a curator from Mexico who wants to set up a gallery here to promote Mexican artists. Another time, a friend of yours Mr Nojima, who is a professional Kyogen actor, was visiting and gave us an impromptu performance on Andrew Barber’s painted tatami floor. He’d attended a Kyogen conference earlier that day, in costume, and stopped by the gallery on his way home.[03] 03. Nobuhito Nojima performed a shortened 狂言(Kyogen) performance on Andrew Barber’s tatami painting titled Existing. Kyogen meaning “mad words” or “wild speech” is a form of traditional Japanese comic theatre, closely associated with Noh theatre.

JKYes, you’ve met some of these people just from overlapping appointments. One of the best things about running GC is the interesting and lovely people who walk through the door. Generally, visitors are friends, colleagues, and art enthusiasts. 

CDLet’s talk about the show that’s just been on.

JKWe hosted an exhibition of very fresh and beautiful paintings by Anoushka Akel. Most of the works included in the show were made in 2020, leading up to and around the lockdown period in New Zealand. The show is titled, (Red Legs) Hot Head. The atmosphere is warm, soft, and energetic.

CDCD: This show was a little postponed. Akel couldn’t access her studio in Auckland because of the New Zealand-wide lockdown. It is not surprising then, that when she was able, eventually, to get to work, she was also thinking about what was happening outside the studio as if the inside and the outside had fixed things into new relationships. In Bathing (Lamplight or Urine) (2020), Akel brings the outside into the painting. In her artist statement, she writes about sound, light, and smell entering the studio, and it reminded me of the virus slipping through the borders of our bodies. 

The pooling effect of the yellow depicting the urine lit by street lamps and then the street light reflected in the urine creates a sympathetic or resonant reflection that makes the painting internally dynamic.

Bathing (Lamplight or Urine) hangs opposite the entrance. It’s the first work you see, this large unstretched canvas nailed to the wall. The work sets the show in motion, with its thick wavy lines, the yellow shimmers, and the canvas threads moving a little from the breeze through the open window. Tell me about the second unstretched canvas on the floor, Red Legs, Hot Head (2020).

JKRed Legs, Hot Head is the central work in this exhibition, warming the room, and those that gather around. Like the name suggests, the work is agitated and lively, and for this reason it took some time to find it’s physical place in the exhibition. The loose threads from the unstretched canvas trail the ground, reminding me of jellyfish tentacles.

CDTwo other paintings lie beneath it, and you peeled the canvas back to show these like we were in the showroom of a carpet shop. It was a very novel way to view the work.

JKI couldn’t find space for those two works in the show, so they were sheltered underneath Red Legs, Hot Head. Visitors are always happy and surprised when I reveal the hidden works beneath. The loose ends of the works contrasted beautifully with the tautness of the four stretched paintings. 

CDIn an article on Akel’s work, the writer Lucinda Bennett describes the paintings as condensed, quoting Akel’s description of her own work as being about pressure.[04] 04. Lucinda Bennett, The Felt and the Told: On Anoushka Akel,” Art New Zealand, 169, Autumn 2019, 54-57.  I see compression in the deep starless midnight blue of (Karangahape) Sight Formation, 2020.[05] 05. (after T.O) 2020, which was one of the works lying underneath Red legs, Hot Head, uses a similar blue and a two-stage transfer technique.

JKI was very happy with how that work sat in our space, hanging low to the ground between two windows. It had a lovely connection with the retro, frosted window panes. It took a few goes to get the overall install right, and bringing the works over to Japan was a challenge with the ongoing pandemic, but the exhibition turned out well and the feedback was very positive. 

CDDo you get much help with Goya Curtain?

JKYes, I have wonderful helpers. While I do most of the running of the space, making appointments, greeting people, programming etc., I also rely on friends for help. A good friend based in LA maintains our website, and an editor friend based in Tokyo goes over all the exhibition texts, using his slash and burn technique. And I have two wonderful bilingual translators, one based in New Zealand and one in Japan, who translate the texts into Japanese. Finally, there’s an unofficial board of directors, including Bjorn who I often run ideas by, and yourself. 

CDSo, you plan to keep the gallery going?

JKYes, and I’ve just signed a two-year contract on the current space. I’m interested in how to maintain something at a slower pace over a longer duration, without it becoming stagnant. Goya Curtain needs to grow and continually adjust to its and my changing circumstances. In regards to making decisions about Goya Curtain, it’s important for me to avoid anxiety and stress. The current space has limitations, but I like to think that these limitations add to, rather than subtract from, the story. I try to go with the flow of things, and work with what is available. I’m also on a constant lookout for other interesting spaces, so you may see Goya Curtain 3.0 sometime in the future.

01. Catherine Dale, “Goya Curtain, Tokyo,” Art & Australia, 2017. 02. 03. Nobuhito Nojima performed a shortened 狂言(Kyogen) performance on Andrew Barber’s tatami painting titled Existing. Kyogen meaning “mad words” or “wild speech” is a form of traditional Japanese comic theatre, closely associated with Noh theatre. 04. Lucinda Bennett, The Felt and the Told: On Anoushka Akel,” Art New Zealand, 169, Autumn 2019, 54-57. 05. (after T.O) 2020, which was one of the works lying underneath Red legs, Hot Head, uses a similar blue and a two-stage transfer technique.